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Tanzania - Intro to Anthropology in Africa

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Take a journey through the history of humanity during this exploration of Tanzania’s ancient and modern cultures, natural marvels, and geological wonders including Mount Kilimanjaro and Ngorongoro Crater. Visit Oldupai Gorge to witness the world’s earliest signs of humanity and learn about the history, traditions, and present-day lifestyles of Maasai, Chagga, Wameru, and Iraqw tribes during interactive visits to authentic local villages. No visit to Tanzania would be complete without exciting game drive opportunities to observe Africa’s captivating landscapes and famed wildlife including elephants, lions, cheetahs, wildebeest, and black rhinos.

Visit the famous archaeological site of Oldupai Gorge to witness some of the world’s earliest signs of mankind.

Sample traditional cuisine and receive an insider’s view of Chagga culture and history in the village of Marangu.

Observe Africa’s spectacular wildlife including wildebeest, black rhinos, cheetahs, lions, hyenas, and elephants.

Enjoy the thrilling sights and sounds of morani warriors singing and dancing.

Experience the Maasai lifestyle firsthand during an interactive visit to Le Manyatta Village.

Take a game drive in Lake Manyara National Park to look for tree-climbing lions, elephants, and flamingos.

Day 1 - Depart home

Overnight flight to Tanzania.

Day 2 - Arusha

Upon arrival into Kilimanjaro International Airport, make your way through immigration and customs and then enter the arrivals area and look for the signboard with your name on it. Take a 45 minute transfer to your Arusha accommodations at Ahadi Lodge. After checking in, enjoy a delicious three course meal while your guide presents a general overview of your time in Tanzania. Please note: Upon arrival in Tanzania a $100 per person visa fee will be due and can be paid in cash upon arrival at the airport. Overnight Ahadi Lodge

Day 3 - Arusha

After an early breakfast, travel east to the region of Kilimanjaro. Within 2.5 hours arrive in the village of Marangu, located on the south side of the mountain approximately 1,970 meters above sea level. Receive an insider’s view of this historical Chagga stronghold during a walking tour. Stop at areas with panoramic views, ideal for photographing waterfalls (like Kinukamori) and Mount Kilimanjaro. During the tour you will have the opportunity to pass historical sites of clan wars and ancient legends including large caves used for hiding during the Chagga-Maasai wars, visit local blacksmiths who continue using ancestral methods to prepare Maasai spears and tools, and experience Chagga culture during a visit to a traditional Chagga house. Enjoy traditional cuisine for your lunch, ndizi nyama (stewed beef and green plantains), and if you are of age, there is banana beer to taste, mbege. Feel free to ask questions directly to your Chagga hosts as many can converse in English or with a little help from your guides. Return to Arusha, enjoying some light-hearted chatter and the ‘Kili song’ during the journey. Upon arrival in Arusha, refresh and head to the dining area for a briefing on tomorrow’s activities and dinner. Overnight Ahadi Lodge (BLD)

Day 4 - Arusha

At nearby Tengeru, take a guided tour and history of the coffee industry in Tanzania followed by a cultural presentation by the Wameru tribe. This interaction explores their small biogas production, traditional and dual farming, coffee harvesting techniques, and traditional roasting and brewing. Next share in a traditional lunch and transfer to nearby Lake Duluti for a fully-guided canoe trip around the lake. The lake is small and calm, being fed by underground springs flowing from Mt. Meru. Your guides will demonstrate their knowledge of local of wildlife during the trip, especially birds. There is also an optional one hour walk around the circumference of the lake if time permits. Return to the lodge mid-afternoon. Overnight Ahadi Lodge (BLD)

Day 5 - Arusha

Leave Arusha to visit Ngaramtoni and see how all the tribes meet to do trade with the Maasai people. Pass by a small and extinct volcanic crater overlooking the Maasai bomas, then move into Le Manyatta Village, a mix of modern and traditional Maasai. In this welcoming village you can experience the thrilling sights and sounds of the morani warriors singing and dancing and participate in a simple nursery/primary school project. After lunch, experience Maasai life firsthand as you view inside the huts, fetch water, herd the goats, visit the shambas (small farms), and enjoy hearing stories and asking questions about their unique way of life caught between two worlds, urban and rural. Take an audience with the elders and chairmen of the village before heading back to Arusha. Overnight Ahadi Lodge (BLD)

Day 6 - Ngorongoro

park is made of two-thirds soda lake with fresh water entering via the runoff from the Ngorongoro Crater Highlands. Enter and take a game drive around Lake Manyara National Park. Famed for its unusual tree-climbing lions, the park also has a large elephant population, rich bird life in the forests, and thousands of flamingos on the soda lake. Late in the afternoon, climb into the crater highlands for overnight at Endoro Lodge, located on the border of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Overnight Endoro Lodge (BLD)

Day 7 - Ngorongoro

Early departure to Oldupai Gorge. Oldupai Gorge (originally misnamed Olduvai) is the most famous archaeological location in East Africa, and has become an essential visit for travelers to Ngorongoro or Serengeti. At Laetoli, west of Ngorongoro Crater, hominid footprints are preserved in volcanic rock that is 3.6 million years old. These three separate tracks of a small-brained upright walking early hominid represent some of the earliest signs of mankind in the world. Australopithecus afarensis (also known as Lucy), a creature about 1.2 to 1.4 meters high, was also found here. Imprints are displayed in the Oldupai Gorge Museum. Continue to Ngorongoro, a collapsed volcano (or caldera). This incredible natural amphitheatre stretches across 15.5 miles and is teeming with all of the African big game. Descend into the crater for spectacular scenery and game viewing in what has been described as the eighth wonder of the world. Within its perimeters are thousands of wildebeest and many black rhinos, cheetahs, lions, hyenas, and other predators. Flamingos inhabit the soda lake in the center of the crater, and other birdlife is abundant especially around the swamp. Overnight Endoro Lodge (BLD)

Day 8 - Ngorongoro

The Crater Highlands are located outside the crater on the highland hills, where to the western side Maasai continue to herd their cattle and goats as they have done for years. Maasai can be seen walking alongside zebra and wildebeest in traditional dress with laden donkeys. Human habitation in the highlands is what differentiates Ngorongoro Conservation Area from the national parks and is central to the appeal of hiking in the area. To the southeast, the area is highly fertile and the location of huge coffee plantations that flourish with its altitude and plentiful rainfall. Take a short drive to the nearby center of Karatu for a leisurely walking safari through farms and villages on the Rift Valley Escarpment. Discover the farming, irrigation, and cattle husbandry techniques, visit houses, and even sample local cuisine of the Iraqw tribe if you want to. There is also traditional wood-fired brickmaking, local musicians, and the opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of the lifestyle of the people who live here. Return to Arusha mid-afternoon to rest in a dayroom at Ahadi Lodge, take one last swim, and eat an early dinner before transferring to Kilimanjaro International Airport for your evening departure. (BLD)

Day 9 - Arrival home

Arrival back in the U.S.A.


Starting at $2,400 per person.

Cost is based on a group of 22 participants; prices vary for different group sizes. Rates are valid for travel in 2014; holiday exclusions may apply. Cost does not include international airfare, items of a personal nature, or any applicable departure taxes/visa fees.

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