Entry & Exit Requirements
U.S. and Canadian citizens must have a valid passport to enter Brazil.
A visa is required and must be obtained in advance from the Brazilian Embassy or consulate. There are no airport visas and immigration authorities will refuse entry into Brazil for anyone not possessing a valid visa.
If you are not traveling with a U.S. passport, please check with the Brazilian Embassy for the requirements based on your nationality.
The Centers for Disease Control recommends that all travelers be up to date on routine vaccinations such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine, varicella (chicken pox) vaccine, and your yearly flu shot before every trip.
There are no vaccinations required for entry into Brazil.
Some physicians recommend that travelers get hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines before visiting Brazil.
Yellow fever is a risk in certain parts of Brazil. The CDC recommends the yellow fever vaccine if you are traveling to these areas.
Please consult your physician for additional information and recommendations based on your individual circumstances.
The CDC warns that travelers to Brazil may be at risk for exposure to malaria. Malaria is caused by a parasite found in Anopheles mosquitos, which are active from dusk until dawn. Prevention is twofold: the use of anti-malarial drugs and the prevention of insect bites. If you choose to use an anti-malarial drug, as recommended by the CDC, see your physician for a prescription.
In December 2013, French Guiana reported locally transmitted cases of chikungunya for the first time in South America. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with chikungunya and are spreading it to people. CDC recommends that travelers to South America protect themselves from mosquito bites.
Locally transmitted cases of Zika virus have been reported in Brazil. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with Zika and are spreading it to people. The CDC recommends that travelers to Brazil protect themselves from mosquito bites. As a precaution, the CDC advises women who are pregnant to consider postponing travel to any area where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.
Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, which, as opposed to the Anopheles mosquito, is active during the day. Travelers are unlikely to contract dengue unless they are traveling through an area where there is an outbreak. The only method of prevention is avoiding mosquito bites. The illness causes high fever and a variety of other symptoms, but it is normally not deadly. Unlike malaria, dengue does not reoccur.
The effects of the sun can be damaging to the eyes and skin. Spending time outdoors exposes you to the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, even on cloudy days. To protect yourself from the sun, use a broad spectrum sunscreen of at least SPF 15, protect skin with clothing, wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses, and drink plenty of fluids.